Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Nursing Assessment - Physical Examination for Appendicitis



Physical Examination for Appendicitis

Interview
  • Get a thorough medical history, especially regarding:
  • The main complaint: the client will get a pain around the epigastrium radiating to the lower right abdomen. Complaints arising under the right abdominal pain may be a few hours later after the pain in the center or in the epigastrium felt in some time ago. Pain is felt continuously, may be lost or attributable to, pain in a long time. Complaints which usually accompanies a client complaining of nausea and vomiting, the body heat.
  • Past medical history of health problems usually associated with a client right now.
  • Diet, eating foods low in fiber.
  • Elimination habits.
Physical examination
  • Physical examination of the general state of ill clients seem mild / moderate / severe.
  • Circulation: tachycardia.
  • Respiratory: Tachypnea, shallow breathing.
  • Activity / rest: Malaise.
  • Elimination: Constipation in early onset, sometimes diarrhea.
  • Abdominal distension, tenderness / pain off, stiffness, decreased or absent bowel sounds.
  • Pain / comfort, epigastric and abdominal pain around the umbilicus, the increased severe and localized to the point Mc. Burney, an increase of walking, sneezing, coughing or breathing deeply. Pain in the lower right quadrant because the position of the right leg extension / seated upright position.
  • Fever over 38 ° c.
  • Psychological data, appear restless.
  • There are changes in pulse rate and breathing.
  • On rectal toucher palpable lump and the patient will feel pain in the pro-lithotomy.
  • Weight as an indicator to determine the drug.
Examination Support
  • Signs of peritonitis, lower right quadrant. Line drawings of air fluid level in the cecum or ileum.
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is increased in the state of appendicitis infiltrates.
  • Routine urinalysis is important to see what there is infection in the kidney.
  • The increase of leukocytes, Neutrophilia, without eosinophils.
  • Appendix on barium enema is not filled.
  • Ultrasound: fekalit non-calcified, non-perforated appendix, appendix abscess.
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