Friday, June 21, 2013

2 Nursing Interventions for Malaria

1. Ineffective Tissue perfusion related to a decrease in the cellular components needed for the delivery of oxygen and nutrients in the body.

Nursing Intervention:

1. Maintain bed rest to help with maintenance activities.
Rational: reduce myocardial workload and oxygen consumption, maximizing the effectiveness of tissue perfusion.

2. Monitor the blood pressure trend, noting the development of hypotension and changes in pulse pressure.
Rational: hypotension will develop along with the germs that invade the blood.

3. Monitor the quality, the strength of peripheral pulses.
Rational: at the beginning of a strong rapid pulse due to an increase in cardiac output, pulse weak or slow due to ongoing hypotension, decreased cardiac output and peripheral vaso constriction.

4. Assess respiratory rate and depth of quality. Note the severe dyspnea.
Rationale: increased respiration occurs in response to the direct effects of the bacteria on the respiratory center. Breathing becomes shallow in the event of respiratory insufficiency, raises the risk of acute respiratory failure.

5. Give parenteral fluids.
Rational: to maintain tissue perfusion, a large amount of fluid may be required to support the circulation volume.

2. Deficient Knowledge: about the disease, prognosis and treatment needs related to lack of exposure / recall errors of interpretation of information, cognitive limitations.

Nursing Intervention:

1. Review the disease process and future expectations.
Rational: provides basic knowledge of where the patient can make a choice.

2. Provide information on the administration of drugs, drug interactions, side effects, and adherence to the program.
Rational: to increase understanding and enhance cooperation in healing and reducing recurrence of complications.

3. Discuss the need for proper nutritional intake and balanced.
Rationale: The need for optimal healing and general wellbeing.

4. Encourage periods of rest and activity scheduled.
Rational: energy savings and improve healing.

5. Review the need for personal hygiene and environmental cleanliness.
Rationale: Exposure control helps the environment by reducing the amount of the existing causes of disease.

6. Identify the signs and symptoms that require medical evaluation.
Rational: early recognition of progression / recurrence of infection.

7. Emphasize the importance of antibiotic treatment as needed.
Rational: the use of the prevention of infection.

Read More : http://screware.blogspot.com/2013/06/malaria-5-nursing-interventions.html

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