Endocarditis is an inflammation of the endocardium (the membrane that lies in the heart).
Endocarditis more often caused by bacteria, fungi, or other microorganisms, can be caused by the operation; resulting from intravenous injection using dirty needles or through wounds found on the skin and mucous. Organisms can run in the blood flow towards the heart. As a result, the heart valves become inflamed, valves become damaged, and the formation of blood clots in the infected area. A person who has suffered injury or illness in the endocardium the easier it is for people suffering from endocarditis. This caused a blood clot from the surface of a wound can adsorb microorganisms, which can reproduce more and more on the injured area. Intravenous drug could cure endocarditis.
Endocarditis can be found in the acute or subacute form. In the subacute form, general and non-specific symptoms, including stiffness, fever, and pain. On physical examination, the evidence is just an abnormality of heart murmurs. Acute endocarditis is less happening can occur suddenly and cause a short breathing, fever, high fever, rapid heartbeat and irregular. Infection can be easily expanded and can destroy the valves of the heart, causing heart failure.
Test and Diagnosis
Various test and diagnosis done is:
- Blood test.
- X-ray of the chest.
- CT and MRI scans.
Nursing Diagnosis for Endocarditis
- Acute pain related to systemic effects of the infection.
- Risk for decreased cardiac output related to disturbances in heart valve and the endothelium.
- Risk for Imbalanced Body Temperature.
- Risk for Ineffective Tissue perfusion related to embolization