Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Nursing Care Plan (NCP) for Cataract

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye. It affects your vision. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all people in the United States either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.

Common symptoms are

* Blurry vision
* Colors that seem faded
* Glare
* Not being able to see well at night
* Double vision
* Frequent prescription changes in your eye wear

Cataracts usually develop slowly. New glasses, brighter lighting, anti-glare sunglasses or magnifying lenses can help at first. Surgery is also an option. It involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. Wearing sunglasses and a hat with a brim to block ultraviolet sunlight may help to delay cataracts.

NIH: National Eye Institute
nlm.nih.gov


Nursing Care Plan (NCP) for Cataract














Nursing Care Plan (NCP) for Cataract

Nursing Diagnosis for Cataract

Preoperatively:
Anxiety related to lack of knowledge of cataract surgery procedures

Intraoperative:
Acute pain related to surgery

Postoperative:
Risk for infection related to inflammation of postoperative wound


Nursing Outcome and Interventions Nursing Care Plan (NCP) for Cataract

Anxiety decreased after nursing actions, with expected outcomes:
1. the patient calm and relaxed
2. can reveal the cause of anxiety
3. patients were able to control anxiety
4. patients may explain the action operations

Interventions:
1. examine the patient's anxiety level, measuring vital signs
2. give patients the information needed prior to surgery
3. provide mental relaxation techniques as well as suport involving elements of religious
4. give patients the opportunity to express his feelings before surgery


Acute pain decreased after nursing actions, with expected outcomes:
1. patients expressed reduced pain
2. the patient's face looked relaxed

Interventions:

1. recommended for, uses management techniques of relaxation, visualization, and breathing in


Infections do not occur during nursing actions

Interventions:

1. Discuss the importance of washing hands before touching or treating the eye
2. Show the proper techniques to clean the eye from the inside out with a wet tissue / cotton ball for each swabs, bandages and anti-insert contact lenses when using
3. Emphasize not to touch or scratch the operated eye
4. Observation / discuss examples of signs of infection redness, eyelid swelling, purulent drainage.

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