Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Risk for Infection Nursing Care Plan for Peritonitis

Nursing Diagnosis for Peritonitis : Risk for Infection related to tissue trauma

Risk for Infection NANDA Definition: At increased risk for being invaded by pathogenic organisms

Goal: Reduce infections, improve patient comfort.


Expected outcomes:
  • Increased healing in time, free of purulent drainage or erythema, no fever.
  • Stated understanding of the causes of individual / risk factors.

Nursing Interventions Risk for Infection for Peritonitis

Independent:

1. Note the example of individual risk factors abdominal trauma, acute appendicitis, peritoneal dialysis.
Rational: Affects choice of interventions

2. Assess vital signs with frequent, noted no improvement or continuing hypotension, decreased pulse pressure, tachycardia, fever, tachypnea.
Rationale: Signs of septic shock, endotoxin circulation causes vasodilation, loss of fluid from the circulation, and low cardiac output status.

3. Note the change in mental status (eg, confusion, fainting).
Rational: Hypoxaemia, hypotension, and acidosis can cause irregularities in mental status.

4. Note the color, temperature, humidity.
Rational: Warm, redness, dry skin is an early sign of septicemia. Further manifestations include cold, pale skin moist and cyanosis as a sign of shock.

5. Monitor urine output.
Rational: Oliguria occurred as a result of reduced renal perfusion, the toxin in the circulation affects the antibiotic.

6. Maintain strict aseptic technique in the treatment of abdominal drain, wound incision / open, and the invasive side.
Rationale: Prevent the spread and limit the spread of infectious organisms / cross contamination.

7. Observations on wound drainage.
Rationale: Provides information about the status of infection.

8. Maintain sterile technique when the patient is placed catheters, and catheter care provided / or perineal hygiene routine.
Rasonal: Preventing the spread, limiting the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract.

9. Supervise / limit visitors and staff as needed. Provide insulation protection when indicated.
Rational: Reduce the risk of exposure to / add a secondary infection in patients who experienced immune pressure.


Collaboration:

1. Take for example / watch the results of serial blood, urine, wound cultures.
Rationale: Identifying microorganisms and assist in assessing the effectiveness of antimicrobial program.

2. Assist in the peritoneal aspiration, if indicated.
Rational: Guide to drain fluids and to identify infectious organisms so that appropriate antibiotics but can be given.

3. Prepare for surgical intervention when indicated
Rationale: Treatment of choice (curative) in acute peritonitis or local, for example a local abscess drainage, peritoneal exudate throw, throw rupturapendiks / gall bladder, cope with perforated ulcer, or bowel resection.
 

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