The main symptoms of acute urinary retention is no urine output for several hours and there is a distended bladder. Clients who are under the influence of anesthetics or analgesics may only feel pressure, but clients are aware of the great pain due to bladder distension beyond its normal capacity. In severe urinary retention, bladder can hold 2000 to 3000 ml of urine. Retention caused by urethral obstruction, trauma surgery, changes sensory and motor nerve stimulation of the bladder, side effects of medication and anxiety.
Clinical Signs of Urinary Retention:
- Inconvenience for the pubic area.
- Distended bladder.
- Inability to urinate.
- Frequent urination when the bladder contains little urine (25-50ml).
- The imbalance in the amount of urine output and intake.
- Increasing concerns and the desire to urinate.
- The presence of urine in the bladder 3000-4000ml.