Imbalanced nutrition : more than body requirements refers to a caloric intake / excess of daily energy requirements, resulting in storage of energy in the form of adipose tissue. As the amount of stored fat increases, the individual becomes overweight or obese. A person is said to be overweight when BMI is between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 and obese when BMI is >30 kg/m2 . Factors that affect weight gain include genetics, sedentary lifestyle, and emotional factors associated with dysfunctional eating. Medical conditions associated with this problem are as follows: diabetes mellitus, severe hypertension, and Cushing’s syndrome. Cultural or ethnic background also influences eating habits. Overall nutritional requirements of geriatric patients are similar to those of younger patients, except that calories should be reduced because of their leaner body mass. The major goals for this problem is to maintain or restore optimal nutrition status, promote healthy nutritional practices, prevent complication associated with malnutrition and decrease weight.
Related Factors :
- Cultural preferences
- Excessive intake in relation to metabolic need
- Lack of knowledge of nutritional needs, food intake, and/or appropriate food preparation
- Metabolic disorders
- Poor dietary habits
- Psychosocial factors
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Socioeconomic status
- Use of food as coping mechanism
Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC)
- Nutrition Counseling
- Nutritional Monitoring
- Weight Reduction Assistance
Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC)
- Nutritional Status: Food and Fluid Intake
- Weight Control
- Knowledge: Diet
Goal and Objectives
- Patient will articulate actions essential to attain weight reduction.
- Patient will cemonstrate change in eating patterns and participation in individual exercise program.
- Patient will commence an appropriate program of exercise.
- Patient will demonstrate proper selection of meals or menu planning toward the goal of weight reduction.
- Patient will exhibit weight loss with optimal continuation of health.
- Patient will recognize inappropriate behaviors and consequences related with overeating or weight gain.