Wednesday, March 21, 2012

Menstrual Pain / Dysmenorrhea Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Menstrual Pain

For some women, menstruation sometimes create anxiety arises when the unspeakable pain when menstruation comes. This condition is known as "menstrual pain" or dysmenorrhea, namely "menstrual pain" that forced her to break or result in decreased performance and reduced daily activities.

The incidence (prevalence) Menstrual pain ranged 45-95% (USA, November 2006) among women of childbearing age. Although generally harmless, but often disturbing for women who experience it. Degree of pain and interference levels are not necessarily the same for every woman. There are still able to work (occasional grimace), those that could not move because of pain.

By type, dysmenorrhea consists of:
  1.  Primary dysmenorrhea, (also called dysmenorrhea idiopathic, essential, intrinsic) is menstrual pain without abnormalities of the reproductive organs (without gynecologic disorders).
  2.  Secondary dysmenorrhea, (also known as dysmenorrhea extrinsic, acquired) is menstrual pain that occurs because of gynecologic disorders, such as endometriosis (mostly), fibroids, adenomyosis.

Primary Dysmenorrhea Symptoms:
  • There was a time or 6-12 months after the first menstruation (menarche)
  • The pain arising prior to menstruation, or at the beginning of menstruation. Lasted several hours, but sometimes several days.
  • The coming pain: intermittent, stabbing. Generally in the lower abdomen, sometimes spreading to surrounding areas (hips, quads)
  • Occasionally accompanied by nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea. (Sssttt, sometimes ngamukan also know)
Menstrual Pain / Dysmenorrhea Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The exact cause of primary dysmenorrhea has yet clearly known (idiopathic), but several factors identified as triggers of Painful menstruation, including:
  • Psychological factors. Women who are not emotionally stable (easily anxious), more prone to menstrual pain.
  • Endocrine factors. Presumably because the onset of menstrual pain contractions of the womb (uterus) is excessive.
  • Prostaglandin factors. This theory states that menstrual pain arises due to the increased production of prostaglandins (the lining of the uterus) during menstruation. This assumption underlies the antiprostaglandin treatment to relieve menstrual pain.


The women who used to have menstrual pain in general already know the initial action when it comes menstrual pain. In fact rarely able to treat themselves based on experience during doctor visits. The most important thing to remember is the understanding that primary dysmenorrhea is not dangerous.

Hormonal drugs. Hormonal treatment with drugs intended to suppress ovulation and its use only on the advice of a doctor.

In addition, if the pain feels very annoying, you should rest and can also use compresses (warm) to reduce pain.

The medical action of a specific nature is the last option is based on the results of examination by the obstetrician.

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