Orchitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Orchitis is an infection of one or both testes (testicles).

Causes of Orchitis, among others:
  • Some diseases associated with mumps orchitis (mumps, parotitis). Mentioned that 30% of patients may experience Mumps Orchitis on day 4 to day 7. This occurs because the propagation of infection through the lymph flow.
  • Other viruses such as coxsackievirus berbungan with Orchitis, varicella, and echovirus.
  • Bacteria. Orchitis by the spread of bacteria in general is epididymitis, which is infection of the epididymis (the sperm ducts are attached at the top of the testes). Infection by bacteria may also occur without an infection of the epididymis. Orchitis-causing germs such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus

Symptoms of Orchitis

Complaints and symptoms in patients Orchitis, among others:
  • Swelling in one or both testicles, with a reddish color.
  • Pain, mild to very painful. Sometimes feel pain spreading to the lower abdomen. Kesenggol little pain is just unbearable.
  • Fever, chills.
  • Occasionally accompanied by muscle pain, weakness, nausea, headaches.
On examination of the testes appear enlarged, soft (sometimes hardened), red, enlarged epididymis (curved bump formed on the testis), scrotal skin to stretch.

Treatment of Orchitis

Basically, treatment is based on the cause. If the suspected cause is a virus, medication with symptomatic medications (to relieve complaints), ie, fever and pain relief medication (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

Meanwhile, if suspected because of germs, it needs antibiotics for at least 7-14 days.

In addition, to reduce complaints recommended:
  • Rest. (Except for the light and at ease pain)
  • Avoid tight pants and panties.
  • Avoid excessive activity.
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