Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Nursing Care Plan for Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI)

Acute respiratory infections are respiratory tract infection that lasts up to 14 days. Respiratory tract includes the organs from the nose to the lungs, along with the surrounding organs such as the sinuses, middle ear space and the pleura.

Acute Respiratory infection is a disease that often occurs in children, because the immune system of children is still low.

Terms of ARI include three elements namely : infections, respiratory tract, and acute, where the notion as follows:

1. Infection

Is the entry of germs or microorganisms into the human body and multiply, causing symptoms of the disease.

2. Respiratory tract

Is the organ, from the nose to the alveoli, along with the sinuses, middle ear cavity and the pleura.

3. Acute infections

Acute infection is a direct infection of up to 14 days. limit of 14 days is taken to indicate an acute process although for some diseases that can be classified in a process may take more than 14 days.

Assessment - Nursing Care Plan for Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) for Acute Respiratory Infection

Things that need to be assessed in patients with Upper Respiratory Infection:
  1. History: fever, cough, runny nose, anorexia, weakness / listlessness, respiratory disease history, treatment done at home and accompanying diseases.
  2. Physical signs: fever, dyspnea, tachypnea, use of additional respiratory muscles, enlarged tonsils, painful swallowing.
  3. Growth factor: General, level of development, daily habits, coping mechanisms, ability to understand the action taken.
  4. Knowledge of the patient / family: the experience of respiratory diseases, respiratory diseases and knowledge about the action taken.

Nursing Diagnosis for Acute Respiratory Infection

1. Hyperthermia related to the invasion of microorganisms

2. Risk for Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements related to painful swallowing, decreased appetite secondary to acute respiratory tract infections.

3. Knowledge deficient: on the management of Acute Respiratory Infections related to lack of information

4. Ineffective breathing pattern related to decreased lung expansion

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